Dynamics and Policy of an Evolving European Research Space
Edited by Linda Wedlin and Maria Nedeva
There is little doubt that the policy, governance, structures and organization of science at the European level has been changing dramatically and rapidly over the last couple of decades. Notions regarding the role of European-level funding and support for research and the interactions between the European and national funding have been re-framed. Policy and governance rationales have been extended to signal the broad integrative ambition of research funding while placing emphasis firmly on the excellence of research. Last but not least, the existence of long-established organisational forms have been brought into question (for example, the ESF) and novel organisations with audacious goals, and budgets to match, have emerged (the ERC). In parallel, national research spaces have been undergoing profound transformation as well. As higher education and research systems have become both larger and politically more visible in many countries, governance efforts have increased and new and revised systems for evaluating, funding and managing research and science have emerged. These include, but are not restricted to, an increase in performance-based funding principles and mechanisms, development of quality assurance systems, and a global spread of university ranking systems. Such systems represent an increasing influence also of globalised models and ideals for university and science governance, and an adherence to a market rationale charaterised by ideals of (largely global) competition and excellence.
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