The Climate Resilient Organization
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The Climate Resilient Organization

Adaptation and Resilience to Climate Change and Weather Extremes

Martina K. Linnenluecke and Andrew Griffiths

Climate change has had a significant impact globally, predominantly for those vulnerable to its influence. The first book of its kind, The Climate Resilient Organization assesses the issues that have mounted for decision-makers in the field, whilst providing strategies to tackle them. With a particular focus on building climate-resilient pathways for private sector organisations, the expert authors offer practical tools and decision-making criteria for evaluating adaptation needs, costs and benefits. Split into two parts this book begins with an analysis of the subject on a global scale; it continues by translating the science surrounding it while presenting it in a manner suited to local decision-makers.
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Chapter 6: Strategic options for adaptation

Martina K. Linnenluecke and Andrew Griffiths


The previous chapter introduced the concept of a ‘coping range’ as a framework that can be used for understanding the relationship between a changing climate and organizational adaptation. This concept allows organizational decision-makers and stakeholders (such as employees, suppliers, buyers, creditors or investors) to develop an understanding of which impacts an organization can and cannot cope with and which impacts will lead to vulnerabilities. This information can subsequently be developed into quantitative information (Carter et al., 2007; Jones and Boer, 2005). The concept of a coping range can also be expanded to assess current and future adaptation options and their outcomes, as well as planning and policy horizons (Willows and Connell, 2003; Yohe and Tol, 2002). Nonetheless, adaptation options and successes are difficult to evaluate – whether or not adaptation has positive outcomes can vary based on actors and the timeframes involved. Difficulties also arise as costs are usually relatively well known or assessable – while adaptation benefits are dependent on climate change outcomes and impacts, which are difficult to project. This chapter focuses on strategic actions for adaptation that organizations can undertake to broaden their coping range and details emerging methodologies to evaluate the costs and benefits of implementing these options. In response to evaluating adaptation options, a variety of approaches and frameworks have been developed which have improved over time. Older assessments, also referred to as ‘first generation’ or ‘type 1’ assessment studies (Burton et al., 2002), are often top-down assessments.

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