The Climate Resilient Organization
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The Climate Resilient Organization

Adaptation and Resilience to Climate Change and Weather Extremes

Martina K. Linnenluecke and Andrew Griffiths

Climate change has had a significant impact globally, predominantly for those vulnerable to its influence. The first book of its kind, The Climate Resilient Organization assesses the issues that have mounted for decision-makers in the field, whilst providing strategies to tackle them. With a particular focus on building climate-resilient pathways for private sector organisations, the expert authors offer practical tools and decision-making criteria for evaluating adaptation needs, costs and benefits. Split into two parts this book begins with an analysis of the subject on a global scale; it continues by translating the science surrounding it while presenting it in a manner suited to local decision-makers.
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Chapter 7: Responses to extreme environmental changes

Martina K. Linnenluecke and Andrew Griffiths


Gradual, longer-term environmental changes associated with climate change are most likely the types of changes to which organizations can more easily adapt to. Of particular concern not just for organizations and industries, but also for society at large, are changes in the number and/or frequency of weather extremes (such as heavy rainfall, heat waves or storms) and potentially even more drastic and lasting changes in the Earth’s climate (Alley et al., 2003; Wilbanks et al., 2007b). Any climate-change related changes to the frequency and/or severity of extreme weather events will be particularly impactful for sectors with a high risk of exposure – those dependent on large-scale infrastructure including the energy, transportation and agriculture sectors, as well as those managing, financing or insuring these infrastructures (Linnenluecke et al., 2012). However, while extreme events are particularly impactful, gradual changes may also build up and exceed thresholds at which effects become notable (Wilbanks et al., 2007b). For instance, the extensive drought in California in 2013–14 has posed significant strains on California’s system of dams and reservoirs, thus reaching critically low levels of water supply. The State Water Project, which provides added water supplies to a large percentage of the state’s population and farmland, had to reduce allocations. It is certainly important to note that not all changes in climate will automatically result in negative consequences for all industry sectors.

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