Mapping National Innovation Ecosystems
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Mapping National Innovation Ecosystems

Foundations for Policy Consensus

Amnon Frenkel and Shlomo Maital

Increasingly, researchers and policymakers alike recognize that innovations are generated by complex and dynamic national ecosystems that include government, industry, universities and schools. Because these systems differ by country and are strongly influenced by culture, effective policy and research strategies require a systems approach, in which policy consensus is built on a clear understanding of how each nation’s innovation ecosystem functions. Scholars and students of innovation and management will find this book an invaluable resource, as will innovation policymakers across the world.
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Chapter 3: The Israeli national innovation ecosystem

Amnon Frenkel and Shlomo Maital


In this chapter, we describe Israel’s innovation ecosystem. As a country widely described as the “start-up nation” (Senor and Singer, 2011), there is considerable interest in the system and forces that drive Israel’s vigorous entrepreneurship. We begin by presenting some background, describing Israel’s economy, society and competitiveness. Next we present the key anchors and processes of Israeli innovation that emerged from the Experts Workshop, along with the cross-impact analysis showing how they are inter-related. To concretize this analysis, we describe in detail some of the main programs in the innovation ecosystem. Finally, the visualization of Israel’s innovation ecosystem is presented and discussed.

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