Mapping National Innovation Ecosystems
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Mapping National Innovation Ecosystems

Foundations for Policy Consensus

Amnon Frenkel and Shlomo Maital

Increasingly, researchers and policymakers alike recognize that innovations are generated by complex and dynamic national ecosystems that include government, industry, universities and schools. Because these systems differ by country and are strongly influenced by culture, effective policy and research strategies require a systems approach, in which policy consensus is built on a clear understanding of how each nation’s innovation ecosystem functions. Scholars and students of innovation and management will find this book an invaluable resource, as will innovation policymakers across the world.
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Chapter 4: The Polish national innovation ecosystem

Amnon Frenkel and Shlomo Maital


This chapter presents Poland’s innovation ecosystem map. Poland is particularly interesting, in view of its relatively large population and economy (sixth largest in the EU), and its role as a path-breaker in the transition from a planned to market-based economy. We first describe the basics of Poland’s economy and dramatic recent history. Next we present several indicators that benchmark Poland’s global competitiveness and economic freedom, relative to other nations. We then proceed to map Poland’s innovation ecosystem, first identifying key anchors and processes as revealed in the Experts Workshop, then linking the anchors and processes through cross-impact analysis. Finally, we present the innovation ecosystem visualization itself and the implications drawn from it, along with several illustrative case studies.

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