Mapping National Innovation Ecosystems
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Mapping National Innovation Ecosystems

Foundations for Policy Consensus

Amnon Frenkel and Shlomo Maital

Increasingly, researchers and policymakers alike recognize that innovations are generated by complex and dynamic national ecosystems that include government, industry, universities and schools. Because these systems differ by country and are strongly influenced by culture, effective policy and research strategies require a systems approach, in which policy consensus is built on a clear understanding of how each nation’s innovation ecosystem functions. Scholars and students of innovation and management will find this book an invaluable resource, as will innovation policymakers across the world.
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Chapter 6: The French national innovation ecosystem

Amnon Frenkel and Shlomo Maital


In this chapter, we describe France’s innovation ecosystem. We begin with some background information on the French economy, followed by data on France’s global competitiveness, ease of doing business and economic freedom, along with France’s global rankings in innovation and entrepreneurship. Next we present the key innovation anchors and processes for France, emerging from the Experts Workshop, and the cross-impact links among them. Finally, we provide France’s visual innovation ecosystem map, along with a discussion of its implications and several case studies of innovative French organizations.

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