Foundations for Policy Consensus
Chapter 8: The health industry innovation ecosystem of Ontario, Canada
In this chapter, we will begin by describing Canada’s economy overall, and its competitiveness characteristics. We then zero in on a specific subsystem of Canadian innovation, the Toronto, Ontario, health industry innovation ecosystem. The methodology we developed is aimed in general at mapping national innovation ecosystems. But it can also be adapted to mapping parts of national ecosystems, so we have chosen to study a key part of Canadian innovation, related to health. While the ecosystem itself is primarily cited in Toronto, the capital of the Province of Ontario, it stretches beyond Toronto’s borders and embraces much of Ontario, especially since many of the programs described in the ecosystem are province-wide. (Canada has a federal form of government, with ten provinces, each of which has substantial powers and its own Premier.)
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