Practice and Prospects with the UNECE Agreements
Chapter 4: The Environmental Impact Assessment Convention and Strategic Environmental Assessment Protocol
The Convention on Environmental Impact Assessment in a Transboundary Context (EIA Convention) came into force on 27 June 1997 after adoption in Espoo, Finland on 25 February 1991 with 30 signatory countries and the EC, the first major treaty to specify in detailed terms, transboundary EIA procedures. There are currently 45 Parties, and since the entry into force of an amendment, the treaty is now potentially open to all members of the UN beyond the UNECE region. It is hence very relevant to Asian states beyond the current members of the UNECE, including those in western and central Asia. Since then, although other treaties have also provided for transboundary EIA, the EIA Convention remains the most significant of any of these agreements because of the large number of Parties that have ratified the Convention. These include most of the member states of the UNECE and the EU, as well as members of the European Economic Area. Current Parties include four western and central Asian states (Armenia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan). As noted in the previous chapter, the Public Participation Convention has a particularly close relationship with the EIA Convention. Russia (as a northern and eastern Asian, as well as a European state) announced its intention to ratify both of these treaties in 2011, although it is yet to do so. Other states have also indicated an interest in joining the EIA Convention, as indicated below. The Strategic Environmental Assessment Protocol (SEA Protocol) is also in force with 38 signatories and 26 Parties.
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.
Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.
Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.