Transboundary Environmental Governance in Asia
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Transboundary Environmental Governance in Asia

Practice and Prospects with the UNECE Agreements

Simon Marsden and Elizabeth Brandon

A comprehensive overview of treaty implementation and compliance concerning transboundary environmental governance in Asia is provided in this timely book. Recent United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) membership by Asian states in the Caucasus and Central Asia has shifted focus on environmental governance away from its Euro-centric roots and placed Asia at the forefront of discussion. The focus of this book is centred on the five UNECE treaties: Public Participation, Environmental Impact Assessment, Industrial Accidents, Water and Air Pollution. Twelve related protocols are discussed including Pollutant Release and Transfer Registers, Strategic Environmental Assessment, Civil Liability, Water and Health, and Air Pollutants.
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Chapter 9: Conclusions

Simon Marsden and Elizabeth Brandon


This book has analysed the potential and actual contribution of the UNECE environmental agreements to the development of transboundary environmental governance in Asia, and, as a result of the global application of many of the agreements, beyond. This final chapter summarises the findings of each of the preceding chapters; first in relation to each of the parts of the book, transboundary environmental governance, treaties and protocols, and combined effect and outlook; second regarding the relationship between the UNECE agreements and other Asian and MEAs considered in Chapter 2 and Chapter 8 (central Asia specifically); and third sketching an outline of what areas of transboundary environmental governance are absent from these regimes, which could be considered for future UNECE treaty development. In Part I transboundary environmental governance was defined, distinguished from related concepts, and situated in the framework of analysis – the Asian region. The relevance of Asia to the UNECE is because parts of Asia are geographically within the UNECE region (Russia and the eight states of the Caucasus and central Asia, and also Turkey and Israel in western Asia). It is also because the dominant environmental issues and governance concerns in Asia are of clear relevance to the content of the agreements; for example the potential for water and air pollution, and industrial accidents as a result of rapid development. Chapter 1 provided examples of typical environmental issues in the region and explained how the development of transboundary environmental governance has been the focus.

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