Handbook of Gendered Careers in Management
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Handbook of Gendered Careers in Management

Getting In, Getting On, Getting Out

  • Research Handbooks in Business and Management series

Edited by Adelina M. Broadbridge and Sandra L. Fielden

Handbook of Gendered Careers in Management provides an international overview of current practice and theory surrounding gendered employment in management, illustrating the impact of gender on key stages of career development.
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Chapter 4: Gender scripts as access codes to management positions

Edeltraud Hanappi-Egger

Extract

In Western societies gender is usually specified along two categories, ‘men’ and ‘women’, each associated with different sets of capabilities and aptitudes, and consequently with different fields of responsibility. This serves to perpetuate a dualistic ordering structure of our society in which a range of occupations and positions have come to be male or female dominated (see Lorber and Farell, 1991). Querying the assumption that identities are biologically determined, some academics have elaborated fresh approaches to the concept of gender, in particular sex categorization and gender roles. Undermining the older, strictly biological approach, the perspective of gender as a social construction has gained in prominence and has been applied to various areas of research. Nevertheless, in daily life as well as in organizational practice, we can still find evidence of the strength and persistence of the dualistic gender concept based on a strict and exclusive division into the categories male/female.

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