Getting In, Getting On, Getting Out
Edited by Adelina M. Broadbridge and Sandra L. Fielden
Chapter 7: Talking yourself into work: insights from sociolinguistics about gender and the employment interview
This chapter gives a brief critical history of three phases of linguistic research into gender and language: an essentialist phase, a constructionist phase and a post-structuralist phase. It pays particular attention to the post-structuralist phase, which focuses on how meaning is actively constructed by both parties to a speech event such as a conversation, and the consequences of particular judgements by the more powerful participants, especially in ‘gate-keeping’ conversations such as job interviews. We pay particular attention to research into naturally occurring conversations, which employs conversation analysis (CA), an interactional sociolinguistics technique. Campbell and Roberts’s (2007) CA-based study of intercultural employment interviews yielded complex, detailed understandings about how candidates’ speech led to favourable or unfavourable assessments of them during the employment interview.
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