Getting In, Getting On, Getting Out
Edited by Adelina M. Broadbridge and Sandra L. Fielden
Chapter 16: How some women achieve success
Over the last five decades research has been conducted on women in the labour force and management and various legislation has been passed, yet it remains the case that women have difficulty in advancing their careers (Barreto et al., 2009; Davidson and Burke, 2011) and are under-represented in managerial positions across most of the countries in the world (Berry and Bell, 2012; Office for National Statistics, 2013). Although some progress has indeed been made since the 1970s, some would argue this is relatively slow. In 1974 just 2 per cent of women occupied management positions in the UK (Equal Opportunities Commission, 2006), by 1988 this was around 12 per cent (Davidson, 1991), and now it is around a third (34.8 per cent) of managers (Office for National Statistics, 2013). This is against an employment rate for women of over two-thirds (67.2 per cent) in the UK, an increase from 53 per cent in 1971 (Office for National Statistics, 2014).
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