Getting In, Getting On, Getting Out
Edited by Adelina M. Broadbridge and Sandra L. Fielden
Chapter 21: Global career challenges for women crossing international borders
Any type of work involving a global move is challenging, and in many cases such challenges are more significant, and even severe, for women. Global careers are careers that span across more than a single country and may take a number of forms (Baruch et al., 2013). Traditional corporate expatriation is just one of them, and one that does not always offer common competitive ground for men and women. Other types of global careers may be a better fit for women in their quest to develop fulfilling careers. Barriers to women’s global careers appear on three levels. At the individual level, this can range from how women manage their own ideological structural barriers as well as their emotional attachments and putting into practice their creative ideas (for example, Apter, 1993; Sullivan et al., 2009). At the organizational level, companies may hesitate or even refrain from sending women abroad (for example, Adler, 1994). This could be due to indirect discrimination, but also because of (over-) protection of those considered vulnerable. National-level barriers may be structural and cultural.
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