Edited by Michikazu Kojima and Etsuyo Michida
Chapter 6: Challenges in the waste management system in the era of globalization: the case of the Philippines
Like other developing countries, waste management has become a major problem in the Philippines. This situation has become more complex as it not only concerns the environmental component but it also includes economic, political and social considerations. In addition, with the era of globalization and modernization the composition of waste has become more diverse and its volume has been rapidly increasing in the past decades. Given the complexity of waste composition and the limited capability of each country to manage its own waste, the trading of waste and products from waste have become more internationalized. Although this international waste trading has brought some positive benefits especially in terms of economic aspect, it has also caused some environmental and health problems due to improper handling of waste and the lack, or the weak implementation, of policies to properly control the movement of waste and products from waste among countries. Thus, it is important to study the current policies of each country and how these policies can be improved to address these concerns on waste and how collaboration among countries and regions can be strengthened.
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