Edited by Michikazu Kojima and Etsuyo Michida
Chapter 7: Japanese implementation of the Basel Convention and its problems
The purpose of this chapter is to review the measures taken by the Government of Japan to implement the Basel Convention on the Control of Trans-boundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal, which was adopted in March 1989 for reducing and controlling trans-boundary movements of hazardous wastes in order to protect human health and the environment. Section 7.1 deals with the drafting history of the Basel Convention and its contents, in particular, its basic principles, its obligations, and its procedure of prior informed consent for importing/exporting hazardous wastes. Section 7.2 deals with the measures taken by the Government of Japan to implement the Basel Convention in Japan, especially establishing the Japanese domestic act for implementing the Basel Convention (“Japanese Basel Act”) and regulating export of hazardous wastes from Japan to other States. Section 7.3 deals with the Japanese Basel Act’s enforcement and its problems regarding export regulations on hazardous wastes. Finally, Section 7.4 deals with the measures taken by the Government of Japan to make export regulations on hazardous wastes more effective.
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