A Snowball Starting in Norway
Edited by Silke Machold, Morten Huse, Katrin Hansen and Marina Brogi
Chapter 18: Women directors and corporate innovation: a critical mass perspective
Drawing on the critical mass theory (Granovetter, 1978; Kanter, 1977a, 1977b, 1987), this chapter addresses the question of whether an increased number of women directors results in the build-up of critical mass that substantially contributes to firm innovation. By identifying different minorities of women directors (one woman, two women and at least three women), I test whether, and to what extent, they could have an impact on the level of firm innovation. Moreover, I explore how women directors contribute to the level of firm innovation by looking at boards as decision-making groups performing different tasks (Forbes and Milliken, 1999; Robinson and Dechant, 1997). Specifically, I analyse whether, and to what extent, the contribution of women directors to the level of firm innovation could be mediated by board strategic tasks. The key research questions are: (1) Is there a critical mass to reach (‘three women directors’) to have a bearing on the level of firm innovation? (2) Do board strategic tasks mediate the relationship between the critical mass of women directors and the level of firm innovation? To address these questions, the chapter statistically tests the effects that different sizes of minority group (one woman, two women and three women) could have on firm organizational innovation. Moreover, the mediating role of board strategic tasks is tested. Tests were conducted on a sample of 317 Norwegian firms.
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.
Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.
Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.