Edited by Robert E.B. Lucas
Chapter 13: Growth in forced displacement: cross-country, sub-national and household evidence on potential determinants
AbstractIn the past two decades, forced displacement has grown significantly. This rising trend is the result of the onset or persistence of civil wars, tighter borders to prevent flows of refugees, and protracted violence against civilians. This chapter reviews the literature on the causes of forced displacement. It discusses those aspects of civil conflict that may produce forced displacement, the role of economic factors, the deliberate decisions of armed actors to target civilians, and the decisions of people and households to migrate amid conflict. Evidence suggests that violence is strongly correlated with forced displacement, yet economic factors also play a non-negligible role. Despite facing intense violence, people and households have agency. In deciding whether to migrate, they weigh the net benefits of the various alternatives. Because the literature is nascent, the potential for future research is great.
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