Social Marketing and Behaviour Change
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Social Marketing and Behaviour Change

Models, Theory and Applications

Linda Brennan, Wayne Binney, Lukas Parker, Torgeir Aleti and Dang Nguyen

This book provides a concise overview of the behaviour change models that are relevant to social marketing in order to assist academics and practitioners in social marketing program development. The book features a review and analysis of the most validated models of behaviour change, together with a number of case studies from international researchers that illustrate these models in practice. The models covered include cognitive, conative, affective, social-cultural and multi-theory models, consumer behavior decision models and social change models.
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Chapter 7: Case study: using social cognitive theory and social support coping theory to improve breastfeeding duration rates: MumBubConnect

Rebekah Russell-Bennett, Danielle Gallegos, Josephine Previte and Robyn Hamilton


In this case study, social cognitive theory (Bandura, 1986, 2004) and social support as a way of coping (Vitaliano et al., 1985) have been selected to overcome barriers created by low levels of self-confidence and perceived lack of support in the context of breastfeeding. Thus, the application of the two theories in this case study is designed to improve the mothers’ self-efficacy and reinforce the behaviour of breastfeeding. The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends exclusive breastfeeding for the first six months of life (WHO, 2001); however, in Australia (as with many developed countries), breastfeeding duration declines rapidly after three months. A total of 47 per cent of infants are fully breastfed to three months, reducing to 21 per cent being predominantly breastfed to five months (Australian Institute of Health and Welfare [AIHW], 2011a). The national significance of breastfeeding is noted with the release of the National Breastfeeding Strategy in late 2009, which aimed to improve the health of infants, young children and mothers by protecting, promoting, supporting and monitoring breastfeeding (National Health and Medical Research Council [NHMRC], 2013). It is critical that Australia addresses the poor continuation of breastfeeding to protect the next generation of Australians against acute and chronic diseases. A social marketing programme was therefore developed that aimed to test the effect of a technology-based intervention on breastfeeding duration. The intervention was conducted in Australia with participants from every state.

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