Handbook of the International Political Economy of Agriculture and Food
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Handbook of the International Political Economy of Agriculture and Food

  • Handbooks of Research on International Political Economy series

Edited by Alessandro Bonanno and Lawrence Busch

This book tackles the central question of the political and structural changes and characteristics that govern agriculture and food. Original contributions explore this highly globalized economic sector by analyzing salient geographical regions and substantive topics. Along with chapters that investigate agri-food in North America, Europe, Latin America, Asia and Oceania, the book includes contributions that cover topics such as labor, science and technology, the financialization of agri-food, and supermarkets.
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Chapter 3: The political economy of agri-food in Mexico

Francisco Martínez and Gilberto Aboites

Extract

The objective of this chapter is to review salient characteristics of the current agri-food economic policy of Mexico that resulted in an increasingly polarized sector split between agri-firms and small family/peasant farms. This sector bears the consequences of the adoption of market-oriented policies that stress the enhancement of production and productivity and that have generated a negative balance of payment and increased economic and food dependency (Otero, Pechlaner and Gurcan 2013). While it boosted exports of fruits and vegetables, it fostered the restructuring of a sector that is now more globalized and more functional to the interests of transnational corporations (TNCs). Additionally, the chapter illustrates the emergence of social resistance to this globally oriented model and the contradictions that it entails. It discusses the delegitimation of state actions vis-à-vis the fragility of the adopted model.

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