Subnational Partnerships for Sustainable Development
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Subnational Partnerships for Sustainable Development

Transatlantic Cooperation between the United States and Germany

Holley Andrea Ralston

This fascinating volume examines the recent increase in subnational environmental policy agreements between different countries, with a particular focus on Germany and the US. Holley Ralston explores why international environmental partnerships are forming at the state level and the factors that both aid and inhibit their long-term success.
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Chapter 6: California and Bavaria (2000)

Transatlantic Cooperation between the United States and Germany

Holley Andrea Ralston


On 15 September 2000, in Dresden, Dr Robert Stephens, Assistant Secretary for Environmental Management and Sustainability at the California Environmental Protection Agency (Cal/EPA), on behalf Sec. Winston Hickox, and Dr Werner Schnappauf, Bavarian State Minister for State Development and Environmental Affairs, signed an agreement entitled ëMemorandum of Understanding to Create the BavariañCalifornia Regulatory Innovations Partnershipí (Bavaria MSDEA and Cal/EPA, 2000). The agreement renewed the 1995 environmental technology partnership and added an innovative regulatory approach, similar to the one in the 1998 partnership between Bavaria and Wisconsin (M. Weigand, pers. comm., 6 April 2005). Objectives were to learn from one another and achieve some level of convergence among the two statesí policies: that is, to promote dialog, create an international learning network and encourage interstate benchmarking regarding ëEMSs [environmental management systems] which incorporate provision[s] for compliance with statutory performance standardsí (Bavaria MSDEA and Cal/EPA, 2000). To make the learning possible, the partners agreed to share information and to have an exchange of experts, primarily through a partnership website. Through this medium, both sides would report their ëexperiences, successes, opportunities, risks and challenges of new legal instrumentsí (Bavaria MSDEA and Cal/EPA, 2000). The two parties also agreed to confer periodically to develop further cooperation and to produce annual progress reports.

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