- New Horizons in Management series
Chapter 3: Initiative as part of the proactive personality
Workplace initiative is intertwined with proactivity. One could argue that a person with a proactive personality frequently takes the initiative, or that a person who takes the initiative is being proactive. A useful definition of workplace initiative based on a composite of viewpoints is that personal initiative refers to a behavioral pattern of individuals who take an active, self-starting approach to work. Ronald Bledow and Michael Frese explain similarly that personal initiative is an active performance concept emphasizing that workers self-start to accomplish positive individual and organizational outcomes. Given that initiative and proactivity are close to being the same thing, it follows that initiative is perceived to be a sought-after employee quality. As one example, interviews were conducted with several Pittsburgh executives to uncover the key traits they seek in potential hires as well as internal candidates for promotion. The critical success factor most often mentioned was initiative. Furthermore, Robert E. Kelley writes that demonstrating initiative is the most powerful work skill for bridging the chasm between the average worker and the super-productive worker. Newcomers to an organization are quickly judged on whether they go beyond their specific responsibilities and take the initiative.
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.
Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.
Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.