Edited by Claire A. Dunlop and Claudio M. Radaelli
AbstractRegulatory practice generally refers to stakeholder consultation as part of a ‘better and smarter regulation’. Nevertheless, this does not mean that we have a clear understanding of what it is and what its benefits are and how it is integrated with impact assessment (IA). In this chapter, we look at consultation cross-nationally and discuss what has been achieved in the context of IA; comparison is particularly relevant, since countries use different methods and pursue different goals. We provide an overview on consultation approaches and tools. The conclusion offers a summary of what a desirable stakeholders’ consultation system should cover. We argue that, although examples of perfunctory practice are not rare, in some countries or policy sectors consultation has established itself as even more important than IA, meaning that governments consider consultation essential to policy formulation, with or without the IA.
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