Handbook of Regulatory Impact Assessment
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Handbook of Regulatory Impact Assessment

Edited by Claire A. Dunlop and Claudio M. Radaelli

This comparative Handbook provides a pioneering and comprehensive account of regulatory impact assessment – the main instrument used by governments and regulators to appraise the likely effects of their policy proposals. Renowned international scholars and practitioners describe the substance of impact assessment, situating it in its proper theoretical traditions and scrutinizing its usage across countries, policy sectors, and policy instruments. The Handbook of Regulatory Impact Assessment will undoubtedly be of great value to practitioners and also scholars with its wealth of detail and lessons to be learned.
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Chapter 17: International development

Camilla Adelle


Over the last decade there has been a growing interest in Policy Coherence for Development (PCD) – that is, taking into account the needs of developing countries in ‘non’-development policies. Impact assessment (IA) provides an important mechanism for implementing PCD. The careful assessment of the potential impacts on developing countries of specific non-aid policies proposals can help identify trade-offs, as well as potential synergies, between development and other objectives before policies are adopted. However, significant questions remain about the contribution IA makes to PCD in practice. This chapter sets out the emerging debates from both the academic and more applied literature to examine the potential, first in principle and then in practice, of the European Commission’s IA system for pursuing PCD. It finds that while the mandatory and cross-sectoral nature of IA makes it an ideal instrument for pursuing PCD, numerous studies have shown that IAs only rarely adequately assess impacts on developing countries. A number of explanatory factors are offered, including the dearth of existing data and information on these types of impacts, the lack of proper consultation with relevant stakeholders and a fundamental power asymmetry between development actors and those representing other important policy objectives, such as trade or agriculture. The chapter ends with an outlook of the future of IA as a PCD mechanism for the European Union as well as some specific suggestions on how the European Union’s IA system might be further strengthen in this regard.

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