Handbook of Regulatory Impact Assessment
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Handbook of Regulatory Impact Assessment

Edited by Claire A. Dunlop and Claudio M. Radaelli

This comparative Handbook provides a pioneering and comprehensive account of regulatory impact assessment – the main instrument used by governments and regulators to appraise the likely effects of their policy proposals. Renowned international scholars and practitioners describe the substance of impact assessment, situating it in its proper theoretical traditions and scrutinizing its usage across countries, policy sectors, and policy instruments. The Handbook of Regulatory Impact Assessment will undoubtedly be of great value to practitioners and also scholars with its wealth of detail and lessons to be learned.
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Chapter 25: Developing countries

Colin Kirkpatrick


This chapter examines the diffusion and transfer of impact assessment (IA) in developing countries. ‘Diffusion’ is used to refer to the spread of IA from Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) countries to developing countries. This spread of IA to developing and transition countries is first described. This is followed by a discussion of the ‘transfer’ of IA to lower- and middle-income economies. Here, transfer is used to refer to the successful adoption and implementation of IA. This allows for a discussion the problems of inappropriate policy transfer in the context of diffusion of the ‘best practice’ OECD IA model. The key factors that will affect the successful transfer and sustainability of the IA approach to developing countries is then discussed. The chapter ends with a brief summary and conclusion.

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