Handbook of Regulatory Impact Assessment
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Handbook of Regulatory Impact Assessment

Edited by Claire A. Dunlop and Claudio M. Radaelli

This comparative Handbook provides a pioneering and comprehensive account of regulatory impact assessment – the main instrument used by governments and regulators to appraise the likely effects of their policy proposals. Renowned international scholars and practitioners describe the substance of impact assessment, situating it in its proper theoretical traditions and scrutinizing its usage across countries, policy sectors, and policy instruments. The Handbook of Regulatory Impact Assessment will undoubtedly be of great value to practitioners and also scholars with its wealth of detail and lessons to be learned.
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Chapter 26: Implementing in the laboratory: scorecards for appraising regulatory impact assessment

Oliver Fritsch and Jonathan C. Kamkhaji


During the last 20 years political scientists, economists and lawyers have analysed impact assessments (IAs) from diverse methodological perspectives. These have included single case studies, within-case comparisons, Qualitative Comparative Analysis (QCA), large-N statistical approaches and narrative analysis. However, scorecards are the most popular approach, both as an instrument in its own right as well as a step towards further qualitative and quantitative analyses. Scholars employ scorecards to examine the contents of IA documents, and they do so in particular if they study medium to large numbers of documents. The chapter takes a closer look at the application of scorecard approaches in policy and academia. In doing so, the authors’ ambition is threefold. First, they review scorecard approaches in regulatory oversight. To this end, they examine the usage of scorecards in countries as diverse as the United Kingdom, the United States of America, Sweden and New Zealand. Second, they discuss scorecard approaches in the academic literature, thereby providing a most up-to-date review of applications in political science, public administration, economics and legal studies. Third, they attend to methodological challenges. The chapter argues that the potential of scorecards has not yet been fully exploited, and suggests various pathways to broaden their application and impact.

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