Edited by Claire A. Dunlop and Claudio M. Radaelli
Chapter 26: Implementing in the laboratory: scorecards for appraising regulatory impact assessment
AbstractDuring the last 20 years political scientists, economists and lawyers have analysed impact assessments (IAs) from diverse methodological perspectives. These have included single case studies, within-case comparisons, Qualitative Comparative Analysis (QCA), large-N statistical approaches and narrative analysis. However, scorecards are the most popular approach, both as an instrument in its own right as well as a step towards further qualitative and quantitative analyses. Scholars employ scorecards to examine the contents of IA documents, and they do so in particular if they study medium to large numbers of documents. The chapter takes a closer look at the application of scorecard approaches in policy and academia. In doing so, the authors’ ambition is threefold. First, they review scorecard approaches in regulatory oversight. To this end, they examine the usage of scorecards in countries as diverse as the United Kingdom, the United States of America, Sweden and New Zealand. Second, they discuss scorecard approaches in the academic literature, thereby providing a most up-to-date review of applications in political science, public administration, economics and legal studies. Third, they attend to methodological challenges. The chapter argues that the potential of scorecards has not yet been fully exploited, and suggests various pathways to broaden their application and impact.
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