Handbook of Cultural and Creative Industries in China
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Handbook of Cultural and Creative Industries in China

Edited by Michael Keane

China is at the crux of reforming, professionalising, and internationalising its cultural and creative industries. These industries are at the forefront of China’s move towards the status of a developed country. In this comprehensive Handbook, international experts including leading Mainland scholars examine the background to China’s cultural and creative industries as well as the challenges ahead. The chapters represent the cutting-edge of scholarship, setting out the future directions of culture, creativity and innovation in China. Combining interdisciplinary approaches with contemporary social and economic theory, the contributors examine developments in art, cultural tourism, urbanism, digital media, e-commerce, fashion and architectural design, publishing, film, television, animation, documentary, music and festivals.
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Chapter 8: The cultural industries in China: a historical overview

Xiaoming Zhang


The development of China’s cultural industries has proceeded together with reform and opening up, beginning in 1978. The concept of ‘cultural industries’ was introduced in the Decision of the CCP Central Committee and the State Council on Accelerating the Development of the Tertiary Industry in 1992 during the 8th Five-Year Plan period; it was first used in the Proposal of the CCP Central Committee on the 10th Five-Year Plan adopted in October 2000 by the 5th Plenary Session of the 15th CCP Central Committee. The term ‘cultural industries’ has been used in ‘top-level policy documents’ for more than fifteen years. This chapter traces the development of China’s cultural industries since their inception and describes the current status quo and complexity of the cultural industries, as well as assessing development prospects over the next 5 to 10 years.

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