Research Handbook of Employment Relations in Sport
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Research Handbook of Employment Relations in Sport

Edited by Michael Barry, James Skinner and Terry Engelberg

Employment relations, much discussed in other industries, has often been neglected in professional sports despite its unique characteristics. The book aims to explore in detail the unique nature of the employment relationship in professional sports and the sport industry.
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Chapter 14: The evolution of anti-doping policy: workplace implications for athletes

James Skinner, Terry Engelberg and Stephen Moston


This chapter examines societal trends occurring during the mid-nineteenth century that saw an increase in doping practice and drug-related deaths in sport. During this period, the policy developments of governments and sport organizations did not lead to reductions in doping in sport. This period is underpinned by the rationales for anti-doping policy being out of touch with the nature of contemporary sport as well as the ambiguity that surrounds the focus of anti-doping policies. The chapter then provides a background to the establishment of the World Anti-Doping Agency and segments policy developments into two main sections. The first section reviews the successes in policy development and the second section the tensions in policy development. The chapter concludes by detailing how policy developments have created an era of employment surveillance techniques that ultimately shape and regulate the workplace to normalize the conduct and decisions of athletes to achieve the desirable doping policy objectives.

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