Edited by Karin Bäckstrand and Eva Lövbrand
Chapter 47: Property and privatization
AbstractPrivate property represents a form of governmentality, in that it plays a central role in managing and ensuring civil behavior. Most schemes for control of greenhouse gas emissions are premised on the creation of ‘carbon emission allowances,’ to be distributed to individual governments and made available as private property purchased through carbon markets. This will manage polluting behavior and, it is hoped, lead to reductions in emissions. Individuals’ greenhouse gas emissions are associated with their consumption patterns and activities, about which associated personal, private data are accumulated and mined for all kinds of purposes. Through identification of transactions with associated emissions, individuals’ online and real world activities can be controlled or curtailed. Private data thus become a means of governing individuals in the interest of managing climate change.
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