Handbook on Gender in World Politics
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Handbook on Gender in World Politics

Edited by Jill Steans and Daniela Tepe

The Handbook on Gender in World Politics is an up-to-date, comprehensive, multi-disciplinary compendium of scholarship in gender studies. The text provides an indispensable reference guide for scholars and students interrogating gender issues in international and global contexts. Substantive areas covered include: statecraft, citizenship and the politics of belonging, international law and human rights, media and communications technologies, political economy, development, global governance and transnational visions of politics and solidarities.
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Chapter 29: Economic sanctions and women’s status in target countries

A. Cooper Drury and Dursun Peksen


States, either unilaterally or multilaterally, frequently resort to economic sanctions to pursue a range of foreign policy goals. The use of sanctions often involves such policy objectives as advancing human rights, ending or deterring military offensives, bringing about a cessation in civil wars, preventing nuclear proliferation, punishing state sponsors of terrorism, and resolving trade disputes. Foreign economic measures used by sanctioning countries include trade restrictions (embargoes and boycotts), financial asset freezes, bans on investment, and reduction or suspension of economic and military assistance. Despite the frequent use of economic sanctions, they are generally considered ineffective in coercing the target country to comply with the sanctioning country’s demands (Hufbauer et al., 2007). Research on the consequences of economic coercion, on the other hand, suggests that sanctions not only frequently fail to achieve their policy objective but also incur significant socio-economic and political damage within the target societies. Sanctions, conditional on the severity of the coercion and the wealth of the target country, can worsen public health conditions, democratic freedoms, and human rights conditions in targeted countries (see, for example, Weiss et al., 1997; Peksen, 2009; Peksen and Drury, 2010). While the scholarship on sanctions has been helpful in advancing cumulative knowledge on the effectiveness and consequences of sanctions, scholars mostly neglect the possible effect that sanctions have on disadvantaged groups in society—the groups that would most likely be worst hurt by the sanctions.

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