Handbook on Transport and Urban Planning in the Developed World
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Handbook on Transport and Urban Planning in the Developed World

Edited by Michiel Bliemer, Corinne Mulley and Claudine J. Moutou

This Handbook provides comprehensive coverage of all of the major factors that underpin our understanding of urban and transport planning in the developed world. Combining urban and transport planning in one volume, the chapters present the state of the art as well as new research and directions for the future. It is an essential reference to all the key issues in this area as well as signalling areas of concern and future research paths. Academics, researchers, students, policymakers and practitioners will find it a constant source of information and guidance.
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Chapter 5: Changing demographics

David Metz


Demographic developments are important for projecting future travel demand and planning transport services. For every country, population growth has always been a central consideration, as has the spatial location of additional inhabitants. Increasing longevity and population ageing are newer concerns. All these demographic factors are of increasing salience as the historic relationship between income and travel has weakened in developed countries. This review focuses on the main features. We consider first the main demographic developments – population growth and population ageing, including the deferral of maturity by young people. We then discuss how these developments affect travel demand, both overall demand and spatial location. References are necessarily selective, given the wide scope of the subject matter, with some emphasis on data from British sources, which are particularly comprehensive and accessible.

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