Edited by Michiel Bliemer, Corinne Mulley and Claudine J. Moutou
Chapter 5: Changing demographics
Demographic developments are important for projecting future travel demand and planning transport services. For every country, population growth has always been a central consideration, as has the spatial location of additional inhabitants. Increasing longevity and population ageing are newer concerns. All these demographic factors are of increasing salience as the historic relationship between income and travel has weakened in developed countries. This review focuses on the main features. We consider first the main demographic developments – population growth and population ageing, including the deferral of maturity by young people. We then discuss how these developments affect travel demand, both overall demand and spatial location. References are necessarily selective, given the wide scope of the subject matter, with some emphasis on data from British sources, which are particularly comprehensive and accessible.
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