Handbook on Transport and Urban Planning in the Developed World
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Handbook on Transport and Urban Planning in the Developed World

Edited by Michiel Bliemer, Corinne Mulley and Claudine J. Moutou

This Handbook provides comprehensive coverage of all of the major factors that underpin our understanding of urban and transport planning in the developed world. Combining urban and transport planning in one volume, the chapters present the state of the art as well as new research and directions for the future. It is an essential reference to all the key issues in this area as well as signalling areas of concern and future research paths. Academics, researchers, students, policymakers and practitioners will find it a constant source of information and guidance.
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Chapter 23: Traffic and mobility management

Michiel C.J. Bliemer


Governments worldwide can follow several strategies to alleviate travel delays and combat emissions arising from their increasingly congested city roads. Options are to simply build more infrastructure (new roads or expansion of existing roads) or establish new public transport services. This is a long-term strategy which requires significant planning and assessment of alternatives. It is often not financially feasible or environmentally desirable to increase the road capacity at the same rate as the growth of demand for passenger (and freight) transport. Another option is to better manage the existing road infrastructure supply and travel demand. Managing road infrastructure is often referred to as traffic management, which aims to utilize existing roads more efficiently given a certain travel demand (that is, vehicles on the road). It aims to improve the efficiency of the roads through the application of smart infrastructure technologies and information. Traffic management measures are often part of what is referred to as intelligent transportation systems (ITS). In Australia, under the name of smart motorways, also referred to as managed motorways, a wide range of traffic management measures are combined.

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