Handbook on Transport and Urban Planning in the Developed World
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Handbook on Transport and Urban Planning in the Developed World

Edited by Michiel Bliemer, Corinne Mulley and Claudine J. Moutou

This Handbook provides comprehensive coverage of all of the major factors that underpin our understanding of urban and transport planning in the developed world. Combining urban and transport planning in one volume, the chapters present the state of the art as well as new research and directions for the future. It is an essential reference to all the key issues in this area as well as signalling areas of concern and future research paths. Academics, researchers, students, policymakers and practitioners will find it a constant source of information and guidance.
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Chapter 25: Managing on-road public transport

Graham Currie


Cities continue to play a leading global economic and social role. In 2007, for the first time in history, more than half of the worlds’ population were city dwellers (United Nations Population Fund 2007). Between 2000 and 2030 the worlds’ urban population is expected to double. This is the ‘Urban Millennium’ where the functioning of cities has a principal influence on human endeavour (United Nations Population Fund 2007). The prospects for the development and operation of transport systems to support growing cities, particularly those in western developed countries such as Australia, is extremely challenging. Travel is dominated by the private car (Cosgrove et al. 2009) which is becoming increasingly problematic from a number of perspectives: ● Traffic congestion is now widely recognized as a major and growing urban transportation problem (Cervero 1991; Downs 1992; Arnott and Small 1994). In Australia congestion costs AU$9.4 billion per annum. (2005) and is expected to rise to AU$20.4 billion by 2020 (Bureau of Transport and Regional Economics 2007). ● There are also social impacts of car traffic on urban liveability (Vuchic 1999) including the separation of urban communities by busy roads and impacts on social disadvantage (Rosenbloom 2007).

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