Edited by Michael H. Morris
Chapter 13: Enhancing the employability of doctoral students through entrepreneurship education
Over the last few decades an assortment of transformative social, economic, and technological forces have emerged, bringing with them rapid changes in the needs of a global society and in institutions created to respond to those needs (Duderstadt, 1999; Nyquist, 2002). The shift from an industrial economy based on the production of goods to one based on the production and trade of discovery and information (Wendler et al., 2010) requires new kinds of learners and creators (Duderstadt et al., 2005) in every profession who have entrepreneurial experience (Creed et al., 2002), who possess leadership skills (Nerad, 2009; Nyquist, 2002), who can manage shifting goals (McCook, 2011), and who are adept at collaborating and communicating with others both inside and outside of their areas of specialization (COSEPUP, 1995; Etzkowitz et al., 2000; Gilbert et al., 2004; National Academy of Science, 2004; Nerad et al., 2007; Nerad, 2004; Nyquist, 2002; Taylor, 2011). It has been stated that, ‘today educated people and the knowledge they produce and utilize have become the keys to the economic prosperity and well-being of our society’ (Duderstadt, 2001a, p. 11). Given these trends, universities are key elements of the innovation system, both as seed-beds of entrepreneurship and economic development and creators of qualified human capital (Etzkowitz et al., 2000).
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