Edited by Charles Edquist, Nicholas S Vonortas, Jon M Zabala-Iturriagagoitia and Jakob Edler
Chapter 7: Public procurement for innovation elements in the Chinese new energy vehicles program
China began to use public procurement as an explicit instrument of innovation policy (that is, public procurement for innovation or PPI) in 2006 when the National Medium-and Long-Term Program for Science and Technology Development (2006–2020) (hereafter MLP (2006–2020)) was announced. During 2006–2009 the central government launched further policy measures to implement PPI (for a detailed account see Li, 2011). The main (intended) approach to implementation was through ‘innovation catalogues’. These were lists of innovative solutions, accredited by the Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST), contained within ‘PPI catalogues’. They were to be produced by the Ministry of Finance (MOF) to guide government procurers in buying innovative solutions (Li and Georghiou, 2014). A second instrument, ‘signalling catalogues’, that is, lists of technologies that are identified as being much needed in China by the central government, were recognized as a complementary instrument to better link demand and supply (ibid.). This catalogue approach can be regarded as being what Edler and Georghiou (2007) termed ‘general procurement’, that is, an organized, ‘routine’ PPI mechanism where innovation becomes an explicit criterion in the tendering process. The implementation of this approach in China has, however, come to a standstill, as a result of both domestic obstacles and international pressures.
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