Research Handbook on Human Rights and Intellectual Property
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Research Handbook on Human Rights and Intellectual Property

Edited by Christophe Geiger

Research Handbook on Human Rights and Intellectual Property is a comprehensive reference work on the intersection of human rights and intellectual property law. Resulting from a field-specific expertise of over 40 scholars and professionals of world renown, the book explores the practical and doctrinal implications of human rights on intellectual property law and jurisprudence. In particular, the chapters scrutinize issues related to interactions among and between norms of different legal families, the role of human rights in development of the balanced intellectual property legal framework, standing case-law of national and regional courts and intellectual property offices reconciling overlapping rights and obligations, and identify the practical significance of different human rights for the exercise of intellectual property rights.
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Chapter 8: The fundamental right to (intellectual) property and the discretion of the legislature

Alexander Peukert


In this chapter, I would like to make two points regarding the fundamental rights dimensions of intellectual property (IP). First, I will explain why the prevailing approach to balancing the fundamental right to intellectual property with conflicting fundamental freedoms as if they were of equal rank is conceptually flawed and should be replaced by a justification paradigm. Second, I want to highlight the pre-eminent role of the legislature and the much more limited role of the judiciary in developing IP law. These arguments are based on an analysis of the jurisprudence of the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR), the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU), and last but not least the German Constitutional Court, the Bundesverfassungsgericht, regarding the respective inter-/supra-/national fundamental-rights regimes. Subject to some – albeit significant – renegades like the US Supreme Court, it is now widely accepted in Europe, other jurisdictions like South Africa, and not least in international IP law that fundamental and human-rights law is highly relevant for IP. This discourse is dominated by advocates of a ‘balancing paradigm’. Christophe Geiger argues that tensions between property and freedom have to be brought into a balanced relationship and that this reasoning offers possibilities for a balanced development of IP law generally. According to Daniel Gervais, conflicts between copyright and rights such as the right to privacy or to information imply striking a balance.

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