Economic Security and Sino-American Relations
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Economic Security and Sino-American Relations

Progress Under Pressure

Kenneth Boutin

China and the United States have reached a crossroads where their economic relationship is concerned, as the shared interest in economic prosperity and complementary economic strengths that provide the common ground of industrial collaboration are threatened by increasing attention to economic facets of national security. This trend is encouraging policies which potentially undermine the basis of Sino-American industrial integration. This book explores the basis, nature and impact of evolving economic security agendas in the United States and China.
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Chapter 6: Developing security: technological issues in Sino-American relations

Kenneth Boutin

Abstract

Sino-American technology ties are particularly complex. Technology ties are more sensitive than production relations from an American perspective due to implications for American and Chinese defence capabilities. The United States seeks to limit the extent to which technological diffusion to China contributes to the capacity of Chinese industry to develop and produce advanced armaments. American controls on the transfer of dual use technologies to China are strengthened, but the application of technology controls is tempered by the requirements of comprehensive economic security. American authorities set the bar for technology controls much higher than during the Cold War. American comprehensive economic security concerns are driving growing pressure on the Chinese government to protect the intellectual property of American firms. The government of China focuses on maintaining the relatively open environment for technological diffusion.

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