Progress Under Pressure
Chapter 6: Developing security: technological issues in Sino-American relations
Sino-American technology ties are particularly complex. Technology ties are more sensitive than production relations from an American perspective due to implications for American and Chinese defence capabilities. The United States seeks to limit the extent to which technological diffusion to China contributes to the capacity of Chinese industry to develop and produce advanced armaments. American controls on the transfer of dual use technologies to China are strengthened, but the application of technology controls is tempered by the requirements of comprehensive economic security. American authorities set the bar for technology controls much higher than during the Cold War. American comprehensive economic security concerns are driving growing pressure on the Chinese government to protect the intellectual property of American firms. The government of China focuses on maintaining the relatively open environment for technological diffusion.
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