Edited by Valsamis Mitsilegas, Maria Bergström and Theodore Konstadinides
Chapter 19: Terrorism
The EU has created over the last ten years a complex framework for cooperation against terrorism in the framework of the former third pillar, including the adoption of a counter-terrorism strategy in 2005 ensuring a cohesive implementation of the counter-terrorism policy rather than a crisis driven responseand the appointment of a EU counter-terrorism coordinator to be the public face of the collective EU effort in the field. Given the significant differences in the national and legal frameworks for the prevention and repression of terrorist offences in several EU Member States, the adoption of instruments aiming at the approximation of substantive criminal law in this field was considered indispensable to establish a common response at the EU level and also to facilitate judicial and police cooperation, as most cases have a cross-border dimension. In such context, one of the main challenges, given the increasing number of EU criminal law instruments, is to ensure they are fully and correctly implemented. An evaluation of the existing instruments and their implementation is thus essential before further developing policies in this area. New interventions should in fact be preceded by a demonstration of the added value of the draft instrument.
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