Research Handbook on EU Criminal Law
Show Less

Research Handbook on EU Criminal Law

Edited by Valsamis Mitsilegas, Maria Bergström and Theodore Konstadinides

EU criminal law is one of the fastest evolving, but also challenging, policy areas and fields of law. This Handbook provides a comprehensive and advanced analysis of EU criminal law as a structurally and constitutionally unique policy area and field of research. With contributions from leading experts, focusing on their respective fields of research, the book is preoccupied with defining cross-border or ‘Euro-crimes’, while allowing Member States to sanction criminal behaviour through mutual cooperation. It contains a web of institutions, agencies, and external liaisons, which ensure the protection of EU citizens from serious crime, while protecting the fundamental rights of suspects and criminals.
Buy Book in Print
Show Summary Details
You do not have access to this content

Chapter 20: Evolution of the EU action against trafficking of human beings

Tom Obokata


The purpose of this chapter is to explore the evolution of the EU measures against human trafficking and analyse the extent to which the EU and Member States have been successful in promoting concerted and effective actions. It begins with an illustration of the past EU action with particular reference to the Council Framework Decision 2002/639/JHA on combating trafficking in human beings adopted in 2002 under the Treaty on European Union as revised by the Treaty of Amsterdam. The chapter examines how approximation of national criminal laws and procedures among Member States, the key principle behind this instrument, was achieved by Member States. In so doing, the chapter looks at the common definition of trafficking and minimum rules relating to the punishment regimes and protection of victims. It then analyses the present action being implemented under the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union. In this regard, the chapter compares and contrasts Directive 2011/36/EU on human trafficking adopted in 2011 with the 2002 Framework Directive in order to measure the extent of evolution. The main conclusion reached is that, while the EU and Member States have been taking a leadership role in promoting and implementing various measures against human trafficking, achieving a level of approximation has proven to be difficult due to state sovereignty as well as political, cultural and social differences.

You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.

Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.

Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.

Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

Further information

or login to access all content.