Handbook of International Development and Education
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Handbook of International Development and Education

Edited by Pauline Dixon, Steve Humble and Chris Counihan

This Handbook considers the myths and untruths that currently exist in international development and education. Using historic and contemporary evidence, this compendium redefines the international development narrative through a new understanding of 'what works', drawn from pragmatic ideas and approaches.
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Chapter 24: Examining the role of the entrepreneur in development and education

Jonathan Kimmitt

Extract

Historically, the international development debate has been polarised between advocates of aid-driven bilateral approaches (Sachs, 2005) and supporters of more incremental, locally driven solutions to poverty reduction (Easterly, 2001). It has therefore represented a contentious area of debate with numerous critiques of poorly managed foreign aid programmes (Moyo, 2009). To date, however, business scholars have paid limited attention to the types of private entrepreneurial activities that characterise such environments. This omission seems somewhat surprising given that such a focus may help contribute to the ongoing development discussion, particularly within the education industry. In this chapter, I draw from the literature on entrepreneurship and development to highlight the contribution that such perspectives can make. Further, I propose a framework for future research at the intersection of entrepreneurship within the education industry that can help better elucidate the contribution of private initiatives to development challenges. The field of education is a particularly notable example of the aforementioned development debate. On the one hand, many have highlighted the failure of government-driven education policies throughout much of the developing world (Aggarwal, 2001; Dixon, 2013; Kingdon, 2007), which has created an opportunity-space for entrepreneurs to meet this particular social need and benefit the poor (Tooley, 2007).

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