Making Research and Innovation in Developing Countries Matter
Edited by Bo Göransson, Claes Brundenius and Carlos Aguirre-Bastos
Chapter 3: Emerging innovation systems in developing countries: Bolivia, Vietnam, Tanzania and Mozambique
The national innovation system is an open, evolving and complex system that encompasses relationships within and between organizations, institutions and socio-economic structures which determine the rate and direction of innovation and competence-building emanating from science and experience-based learning. (Lundvall et al., 2009b, p. 6) The concept of the national innovation system has become a powerful tool in understanding and analysing the role of science, technology and innovation (STI) in growth and development. This chapter traces the roots of the concept of the national innovation system and describes how it has emerged in the four case countries, Bolivia, Vietnam, Tanzania and Mozambique.
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