Innovation Systems for Development
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Innovation Systems for Development

Making Research and Innovation in Developing Countries Matter

Edited by Bo Göransson, Claes Brundenius and Carlos Aguirre-Bastos

The rise and expansion of organized scientific research has led individuals to become accustomed to an unceasing delivery of new scientific results and technical improvements that resolve even seemingly unsolvable problems. This timely book examines how science-based research and innovation is designed, implemented and applied in developing countries in support of development and poverty alleviation. The expert contributors trace and compare the emergence of national innovation systems (NIS) in four developing countries – Bolivia, Mozambique, Tanzania and Vietnam. Dedicated chapters on each country identify the main structural and organizational problems for improving the relevance and quality of research output for the productive sector, and conclude by offering suggestions on how the process of applying research outputs and innovations in support of development goals can be improved.
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Chapter 4: The national innovation system in Bolivia and its relevance for development

Carlos Aguirre-Bastos, Javier Aliaga Lordeman, Ignacio Garrón Védia and Raúl Rubín de Célis Cedro


For several years, large numbers of research projects have been executed in developing countries, with the aim to utilize the results for informing and influencing policy or to obtain social and economic innovations that could lead to economic growth and the improvement of the quality of life of their societies. Later, emphasis has been placed on the use of research results for inclusive development. A large number of studies have also been dedicated to study socio-economic processes, including science, technology and innovation (STI) to evaluate the effects of policy interventions. Different studies (Aguirre-Bastos et al., 2010; Carden, 2009) show the difficulties that developing countries have in using research outputs for policy making. The former study shows that what is normally lacking is an explicit strategy for achieving policy influence, embedded across all projects as a standard consideration in their design. It is also verified that when policy analysis is carried out, it is typically concentrated on a set of issues related only to the project’s core interest, without attention paid to the fact that often fundamentally important policies are spread across sectors, and rest on implicit rather than explicit assumptions about what promotes research and innovation.

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