Innovation Systems for Development
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Innovation Systems for Development

Making Research and Innovation in Developing Countries Matter

Edited by Bo Göransson, Claes Brundenius and Carlos Aguirre-Bastos

The rise and expansion of organized scientific research has led individuals to become accustomed to an unceasing delivery of new scientific results and technical improvements that resolve even seemingly unsolvable problems. This timely book examines how science-based research and innovation is designed, implemented and applied in developing countries in support of development and poverty alleviation. The expert contributors trace and compare the emergence of national innovation systems (NIS) in four developing countries – Bolivia, Mozambique, Tanzania and Vietnam. Dedicated chapters on each country identify the main structural and organizational problems for improving the relevance and quality of research output for the productive sector, and conclude by offering suggestions on how the process of applying research outputs and innovations in support of development goals can be improved.
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Chapter 7: The national innovation system in Mozambique and its relevance for development

Carlos Aguirre-Bastos, Sérgio Chicumbe, Maximiano Dgedge and Bo Göransson


In 1975 Mozambique attained its independence from Portugal, but it was only in 1992 with the establishment of a peace agreement after the extended civil war that the country was able to initiate its development process including the undertaking of research and development (R & D) efforts. Government and international cooperation provided the support for the R & D programmes and projects, mainly in public institutions and universities, as well as for disseminating its outputs. Research outputs are certainly needed for informing policy and transferring them to accelerate economic and social developments. In this context, the project ‘Closing the Loop’ seeks to ensure the awareness, understanding and ownership of research outputs principally but not exclusively by decision makers. Its goals are to increase the relevance and utilization of research outputs, thereby enhancing the influence of researchers, organizations and institutions on the development process.

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