Chapter 6: China and WTO law: from accession negotiations to current commitments
In this section, we discuss the sequence of events with regard to China’s bid to join the WTO. The analyses capture the history of China’s interaction with the ill-fated ITO and how it sought participation in the GATT and eventual accession to the WTO in 2001. More crucial here is the challenges that China has faced while seeking membership of the WTO. Obviously, these challenges have also shaped the thinking of China on compliance with the global trade rules. After the Second World War, the United Kingdom and the United States submitted proposals to the Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) of the United Nations (UN) regarding the establishment of an international trade body that was to be named the International Trade Organization (ITO). In 1946, ECOSOC convened the UN Conference on Trade and Employment to consider the UK and US proposals. A Preparatory Committee drafted the ITO Charter and it was approved in 1948 at the conference in Havana, Cuba. The Charter is often referred to as the Havana Charter or the ITO Charter. The content of the ITO Charter was incorporated into the General Agreement, which was signed in 1947.
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