Individual Wellbeing and Career Experiences
Edited by Ronald J. Burke, Kathryn M. Page and Cary Cooper
Chapter 7: A multilevel intervention model for promoting work–family enrichment during early parenting
This chapter starts with a review and definition of the constellation of concepts that fit within the domain of work–family enrichment (WFE) such as work–family gains, work–family positive spillover and work–family facilitation. It provides a review of definitions and theoretical underpinnings of these concepts, identifying common understandings and points of divergence. The bidirectional nature of WFE is discussed – that is, like work–family conflict, there is potential for work to impact family functioning and for family functioning to impact employee work attitudes and behaviours, although by definition these impacts are positive. Next, we review the empirical evidence regarding the antecedents and consequences of WFE. Building on this, we discuss how WFE might vary according to life stage and gender. While WFE is relevant for adults at all life stages, parenting young children presents a unique life stage, one in which the antecedents and consequences of the work–family interface need particular attention. Predominantly, this life stage is characterized by intensive work–family conflict. Yet, emerging evidence suggests there is also great potential to understand value, mechanisms and workplace supports that convey measurable benefits to organizations, employees and their families. Our focus on understanding WFE for parents of young children aims to inform policies and practices that may also be broadly applicable to the promotion of WFE among all employees.
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