The Global South after the Crisis
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The Global South after the Crisis

Growth, Inequality and Development in the Aftermath of the Great Recession

Edited by Hasan Cömert and Rex A. McKenzie

This volume is split into two accessible sections. The first part concentrates on the impact of the crisis on growth, inequality, policy responses and policy shifts in key areas such as central banking. The second part comprises individual country case studies and includes an exploration of the vulnerabilities related to the integration of developing economies into the world economy. The effect of the crisis on trade, and the ways in which some developing countries have entered into a prolonged period of stagnant growth following the global crisis are all considered.
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Chapter 6: The Brazilian economy after the 2008 global financial crisis: the end of the macroeconomic tripod’s golden age

Marcos Reis, Andre de Melo Modenesi and Rui Lyrio Modenesi


The Brazilian response to the subprime and euro crises was a progressive easing of the so called macroeconomic tripod, consisting of inflation targeting, a floating exchange rate with capital mobility, and a primary budget surplus, which was focused strictly on controlling inflation solely by counting on the interest rate. Macroeconomic policy became more flexible with the adoption of other economic and social goals, and a relevant set of instruments, especially countercyclical measures to boost demand, such as increasing public investment, tax cuts, subsidy grants and payroll tax exemptions. Inflation control was relaxed; the interest rate was lowered significantly and fiscal and other non-monetary tools were used for price stabilization. This chapter analyzes the impact of both crises in Brazil and examines the contagion channels and the government responses. It concludes that to deal with the crisis the economic policy needed to be changed, indicating that the golden years of the macroeconomic tripod are over.

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