- Handbooks of Research Methods and Applications series
Edited by Matthias Ruth
Chapter 19: Vulnerability assessments
Vulnerability assessments are a mechanism to evaluate risk, or the potential for loss from hazard events. In turn, they support risk reduction, guide building community resilience, support all phases of the emergency/disaster management cycle, and inform climate change adaptation. The term ‘vulnerability’ has many different definitions, and in a corresponding fashion, approaches towards conducting assessments can also vary significantly depending on the framing and the scale (local to global) at which they are conducted. The ultimate goal of conducting vulnerability assessments is to put valuable information into the hands of decision-makers, including the public, policy-makers, emergency managers, and numerous other members of a community with the goal of guiding vulnerability reduction. This chapter presents baseline definitions of terminology, reviews various approaches to hazard and vulnerability assessments, highlights opportunities and challenges, and presents some emerging technologies that have begun to play a role in assessments. Using three frameworks to guide the discussion, including risk reduction, climate change, and a capital-based disaster ecology model, this chapter focuses on local and regional place-based assessments that rely on mapping technologies, contending that involving the community vastly improves assessment quality.
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.
Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.
Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.