Research Handbook on Corporate Social Responsibility in Context
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Research Handbook on Corporate Social Responsibility in Context

Edited by Anders Örtenblad

Is corporate social responsibility (CSR) a universal idea? Is the same exact definition of CSR relevant for any organization, regardless of context? Or would such a definition need to be adapted to fit different types of organizations, in different cultures, industries and sectors? This book discusses how CSR preferably should be practiced in various generalized contexts. Experts share their knowledge on whether a broad definition of CSR can be practiced as is or if it first has to undergo changes, in as various generalized contexts as Buddhist and Islamic organizations, developing countries, the food processing industry, the shipping industry, and the pharmaceutical industry.
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Chapter 6: CSR in developed versus developing countries: a comparative glimpse

Dima Jamali and Charlotte Karam

Abstract

There has been a growing level of interest in expressions and dynamics concerning Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) within the contexts of developing countries. This chapter explores antecedents and consequences of CSR that are specific and relevant across these contexts in an attempt to outline a distinctive set of CSR agenda challenges in the developing world. To this end, we juxtapose insights derived from CSR research in developed versus developing economies with the aim of highlighting key distinctive themes that emerge from CSR research focused on developing economies that are not commonly or centrally explored in CSR research on the developed world. Such a comparative exercise helps us to critically question the theories and conceptions we import, as well as their applicability or tailoring in the developing world. It is also used as a basis to propose a multi-level integrative model for CSR research in developing countries, which encourages researchers to better problematize context in order to try to understand the potential and limitations of CSR vis-à-vis the roles of multiple actors and beneficiaries of CSR.

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