Frameworks and Policy Applications in Freight and Passenger Transport
Edited by Joseph S. Szyliowicz, Luca Zamparini, Genserik L.L. Reniers and Dawna L. Rhoades
According to recent studies carried out by the European Commission (2011a) it is expected that in Europe freight transport will increase by 80 percent by 2050 and the CO2 emissions will decrease by 60 percent. The European Union (EU) is now making considerable efforts encouraging the integration of existing transport modes and the use of intermodal (and/or multimodal) systems to improve transportation flexibility, costs and effectiveness. This would stimulate competition among transporters rather than among transport modes. However, this goal is still far from being completely achieved since a range of obstacles prevent an optimum use of the existing infrastructures. The research agendas developed by the European Commission in the last decades emphasize the need to adopt a new perspective integrating different logistic elements such as vehicles, trains, airplanes, vessels, transport networks and logistic infrastructures. A smarter approach of using the existing logistic components more efficiently has been developed at the European level and needs to be implemented at the national level. In Italy the competitiveness gap corresponds to €12 billion, due to inefficiencies in the transportation sector (Cassa Depositi e Prestiti, 2012). Therefore, the identification of strategic actions aimed at increasing the efficiency of freight transport is necessary to ensure the economic growth of the country.
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