Frameworks and Policy Applications in Freight and Passenger Transport
Edited by Joseph S. Szyliowicz, Luca Zamparini, Genserik L.L. Reniers and Dawna L. Rhoades
Chapter 9: Multimodal freight transport security in Kenya
As Diouf (2007) argues, the role of transport is very strategic in a modern economy. This is because it facilitates trade, and enhances and improves the movement of goods, people, ideas, technology and other services. Therefore, there is need to develop a transport system that is not only adequate, efficient and cheap but well planned, integrated and secure. However, according to de Bod (2008) transport infrastructure in sub-Saharan African (SSA) countries reflects the colonial legacy, which resulted in the construction of roads and railways to link the interior with the coast primarily for the extraction and export of raw materials. Thus, historically the Kenyan transport system like that of other SSA countries, developed from the country’s main port of Mombasa to take advantage of the then Ugandan railway. This linear spatial structure along a corridor remained long after road traffic took over from the railway. Today, most of the urban centres and economic activities in Kenya and the hinterland (Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, Eastern Democratic Republic of Congo [DRC], Southern Sudan) are located or close to the Northern Corridor.
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